Baker County Courthouse

     Baker County was the 39th county formed in Florida and  is named for James McNair Baker, a judge and Confederate States Senator. It was established by an "act of nation" shortly after secession in 1861, but prior to Florida joining the Confederacy. The county seat, Macclenny, was renamed for its founder in 1885; originally it was known as Darbyville. From 1861 until 1886 the village of Sanderson served as county seat.  Baker County and Macclenny are renowned for the large nurseries which raise pecans, camellias, and other species. The county is also the site of Olustee or Ocean Pond, Florida's only major Civil War engagement.  Note the distinctive cupola on the older structure.  An even older wooden courthouse, constructed in 1888, was lost to fire. The historic courthouse dating from 1908 was designed by the Atlanta architect Edward C. Hosford and now houses
the Emily Taber Library.
A view of the current Baker County Courthouse. (Photo by Jared Anton) Construction of the present Baker CountyAnother view of the 1948 Baker County Courthouse. Courthouse was begun under the aegis of the Depression-era Works Progress Administration, but was not completed until 1948.
Baker County has also preserved its 1911-vintage jail, pictured on the right, which is currently the home of the local historical society and genealogical library.

The old jail in Baker County.  Now the home of the Historic Society.


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